Parts of braces

Remember the “Dem bones” song? The hip bone’s connected to the back bone. Well it’s a little bit the same when it comes to orthodontic treatment. Your appliance has a few different parts and each is connected in such a way that allows your appliance to straighten your teeth and achieve a beautiful new smile.

But we understand that all these new orthodontic terms can be a little confusing, so to make the treatment process as easy as possible, we’ve compiled a list of all the different parts of braces and how they work with each other.

Brackets

The brackets hold the arch wire against each tooth. The arch wire fits into a slot that is in each bracket. Brackets may attached directly to each tooth or a band.

Brackets

Ties

Ties are the tiny rubber ring that secure the arch wire into the bracket.

Ties

Archwire

The main wires, or archwires, are shaped specifically to fit around the arch into the bracket slots. Teeth move from the pressure that is applied by the braces. That pressure comes from the archwire, which guides the direction of the movement.

Archwire

Hooks

Hooks are small attachments on the brackets used to attach elastics (rubber bands).

Hooks

Mouthguard

A mouthpiece that provides protection to the braces and teeth while the patient is playing a sport.

Mouthguard

Palatal expander

Attached to the upper molars through bonding or by cemented bands, the palatal expander is used to create a wider space in the upper jaw.

Palatal expanders

Separator (spacer)

Small elastics that fit snugly between certain teeth to move them slightly so bands can be placed around them later.

Separator

Wax

Patients are instructed to place wax over a bracket or poking wire that is causing irritation to the lip or cheek.

Wax

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At Caswell Orthodontics, your first appointment is free. So book your free consultation and find out how you could benefit from orthodontic treatment.

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